Clapham is a locality mainly in the London Borough of Lambeth, South London, England. The Clapham was there from the Anglo-Saxon period. The name Clapham was derived from the Anglo-Saxon word called ‘Clappa’s farm’. During 17th century big country houses started to be built in the Clapham and throughout the 18th century and 19th century it was used by the upper class people, who buildt several gracious and large villas and houses in the Old Town and around the Clapham Common. The last two years Samuel Pepys spent of his days with his friend and former servant named William Hewer in the Clapham, until his death there in the year 1703.
In the late 18th and early 19th century, the Clapham Section was a group of high class social reformers (mainly the evangelical Anglican) who lived around the Clapham Common. They included Henry Thornton, Zachary Macaulay and William Wilberforce; William Smith, M.P., the dissenter and Unitarian and the father of the historian Thomas Macaulay. They were very famous in campaigns for the eradication of child labour and slavery, and for the prison reform and also promoted missionary actions in the Britain’s colonies. After the railway system came, the Clapham urbanized as a suburb for the daily travellers into the central London, and by the year1900 it had fallen from favour with the high classes.